Much has been spoken about diabetes and a lot of research has gone into it. But, after decades of studying the disease, have we found a cure? Let’s take a look.
There are 2 types of diabetes. The first type, called Type 1 diabetes, is an auto-immune disease caused by cellular problems in the pancreas. People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, which is more common, the body produces less insulin than it needs.
Though a lot of research has gone into finding a cure for diabetes, they are mostly in trial stages. Doctors use the term, “remission” when diabetes is brought under control. When you are told that your diabetes is in remission, it means that there are no more outward symptoms of the disease, but, remember, you always have to be careful, because the illness is technically still there.
Types of remissions
- Partial remission – When blood glucose level is lower than that of a diabetic for more than a year without medication.
- Complete remission – When blood glucose level has returned to normal for at least a year without medication.
- Prolonged remission – If blood sugar levels have been normal for at least 5 years.
Note: Even if your blood sugar level has returned to normal for more than ten years, you are still considered to be in diabetic remission and not "cured".
If detected early and managed properly, there is a good chance of ensuring that your diabetes will go into remission.
Here are some ways to help manage your diabetes:-
- Managing your diet
Many people think that giving up sweets is all they have to do to manage their sugar levels. But, carbohydrate rich foods like rice and potatoes which form a big part of our diet contain starch which is high in sugar. It is important to see a dietician and work out a diet that will help manage your sugar levels.
- Exercise regularly
Physical activity, especially aerobic activities like walking and swimming have been found to be helpful in maintaining low sugar levels. They also help in maintaining your weight (Obesity is linked to diabetes).
- Managing your medication
Taking your medication regularly can, in time, bring down your sugar levels.
- Avoiding stress
Stress causes an increase in blood sugar levels and you should try to lead a calm life, free from stress.
- Consult a doctor
It is important to consult a doctor that you are comfortable with as managing diabetes is a long term journey and you want someone with you that you have confidence in.